Last week I attended the NIPS 2012 workshop on Connectomics: Opportunities and Challenges for Machine Learning, organized by Viren Jain and Moritz Helmstaedter. Connectomics is an emerging field that aims to map the neural wiring diagram of the brain. The current bottleneck to progress is analyzing the incredibly large (terabyte-petabyte range) data sets of 3d images obtained via electron microscopy. The analysis of the images entails tracing the neurons across images and eventually inferring synaptic connections based on physical proximity and other visual cues. One approach is manual tracing: at the workshop I learned that well over one million dollars has already been spent hiring manual tracers, resulting in data that is useful but many orders of magnitude short of even a very small brain.
The NIPS workshop was about using machine learning to speed up the process, and it consisted of talks, posters, and discussion. A previous workshop on this subject had a different flavor: it was a challenge workshop at ISBI 2012 (a similar idea to the Netflix challenge). To enter the challenge, anyone could download the training set and upload their results on the test data, which were then evaluated before the workshop (results here). At the NIPS workshop, the ISBI challenge was mentioned frequently, and scoring well on it seemed to be an important source credibility. Such a challenge can have a profound impact on the field, but is it a positive impact? Continue reading “Healthy Competition?”